With the last post on Molinism, I realized there may still be some confusion as to God and whether or not there was ever a chronological point where God did not know something. There was not. I wanted to provide an explanation, so I have reproduced below a follow-up response to more questions generated by that first article.
The issue of God's not knowing counterfactuals' truth values in necessary knowledge is agreed upon by virtually all views. This is because of the nature of necessary knowledge: it contains only and all necessary truths. Since counterfactuals of the sort we are discussing are stipulated to be of creaturely freedom, they cannot belong to necessary knowledge. In fact, the only view that can claim God knows the truth of counterfactuals in necessary knowledge is the view that claims all such counterfactuals are necessarily true (and hence, they are not free). In this case, it would just be some metaphysical truth of the world or a logical truth that "In C, S would A" (as we would need to drop "freely"); it would neither be true because God willed it nor would it be true because we willed it--it would just be a metaphysically brute fact that it is necessary!
Now, what God would know in this moment is all logical possibilities (since philosophers recognize that whatever is possible is necessarily possible). But that doesn't get God to know "In C, S would freely A." Instead, he gets "In C, S could freely A," "In C, S could freely B," and so on. Now Aquinas sought to solve the problem by stipulating counterfactuals were made true in God's "free" knowledge (what he called the "second" moment). The contents of God's free knowledge are true in virtue of being chosen by God, as well as the truths of necessary knowledge are also true in the actual world (by definition). However, this gets you full-blown determinism (God chose which couterfactuals were true), and hence, Calvinism. If the moment of necessary knowledge is what one "could do," then free knolwedge is what one "will do."
It is the second moment, or what one "would do," that helps "inform" God. They are simply man-made divisions of logical relationship. God cannot know what he will create unless he knows what is possible, and Christian theology (and common sense intuition) claims God could have created differently or even refrained from creating at all. Hence, the set of what is possible is larger than and distinct from the set of what is actual, and what is possible and necessary is logically prior to what is actual. But, if counterfactuals are not mere possibilities/necessities, and if determinism is false, there must be a distinct set of truths--truths that must be known and come explanatorily after possibilities and before God's decision to create.